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Avarice, or the desire of gain, is a universal passion which operates at all times, at all places, and upon all persons.
David Hume
Leonhard Euler
Mathematicians have tried in vain to this day to discover some order in the sequence of prime numbers, and we have reason to believe that it is a mystery into which the human mind will never penetrate.
Believe,
Math,
Order,
Leonhard Euler
Logic is the foundation of the certainty of all the knowledge we acquire.
Foundation,
Logic,
Certainty,
Leonhard Euler
Nothing takes place in the world whose meaning is not that of some maximum or minimum.
World,
PlacesInTheWorld,
Minimum,
Leonhard Euler
For the sake of brevity, we will always represent this number 2.718281828459... by the letter e.
Numbers,
Number2,
Letters,
Leonhard Euler
Although to penetrate into the intimate mysteries of nature and thence to learn the true causes of phenomena is not allowed to us, nevertheless it can happen that a certain fictive hypothesis may suffice for explaining many phenomena.
May,
Statistics,
Causes,
Leonhard Euler
To those who ask what the infinitely small quantity in mathematics is, we answer that it is actually zero. Hence there are not so many mysteries hidden in this concept as they are usually believed to be.
Zero,
Answers,
Mystery,
Leonhard Euler
Madam, I have come from a country where people are hanged if they talk.
Country,
People,
Leonhard Euler
Now I will have less distraction.
Distraction,
Leonhard Euler
For since the fabric of the universe is most perfect and the work of a most wise Creator, nothing at all takes place in the universe in which some rule of maximum or minimum does not appear.
Education,
Wise,
Perfect,
Leonhard Euler
... I soon found an opportunity to be introduced to a famous professor Johann Bernoulli. ... True, he was very busy and so refused flatly to give me private lessons; but he gave me much more valuable advice to start reading more difficult mathematical books on my own and to study them as diligently as I could; if I came across some obstacle or difficulty, I was given permission to visit him freely every Sunday afternoon and he kindly explained to me everything I could not understand ...
Education,
Book,
Reading,
Leonhard Euler
After exponential quantities the circular functions, sine and cosine, should be considered because they arise when imaginary quantities are involved in the exponential.
Arise,
Should,
Function,
Leonhard Euler
Since the fabric of the universe is most perfect and the work of a most wise Creator, nothing at all takes place in the universe in which some rule of maximum or minimum does not appear ... there is absolutely no doubt that every affect in the universe can be explained satisfactorily from final causes, by the aid of the method of maxima and minima, as it can be from the effective causes themselves ... Of course, when the effective causes are too obscure, but the final causes are readily ascertained, the problem is commonly solved by the indirect method...
Wise,
Perfect,
Doubt,
Leonhard Euler
Notable enough, however, are the controversies over the series 1 - 1 + 1 - 1 + 1 - ... whose sum was given by Leibniz as 1/2, although others disagree. ... Understanding of this question is to be sought in the word "sum"; this idea, if thus conceived - namely, the sum of a series is said to be that quantity to which it is brought closer as more terms of the series are taken - has relevance only for convergent series, and we should in general give up the idea of sum for divergent series.
Education,
GivingUp,
Taken,
Leonhard Euler
The kind of knowledge which is supported only by observations and is not yet proved must be carefully distinguished from the truth; it is gained by induction, as we usually say. Yet we have seen cases in which mere induction led to error. Therefore, we should take great care not to accept as true such properties of the numbers which we have discovered by observation and which are supported by induction alone. Indeed, we should use such a discovery as an opportunity to investigate more exactly the properties discovered and to prove or disprove them; in both cases we may learn something useful.
Education,
Opportunity,
Errors,
Leonhard Euler
If a non negative quantity was so small that it is smaller than any given one, then it certainly could not be anything but zero. To those who ask what the infinitely small quantity in mathematics is, we answer that it is actually zero. Hence there are not so many mysteries hidden in this concept as they are usually believed to be. These supposed mysteries have rendered the calculus of the infinitely small quite suspect to many people. Those doubts that remain we shall thoroughly remove in the following pages, where we shall explain this calculus.
Zero,
People,
Doubt,
Leonhard Euler
A function of a variable quantity is an analytic expression composed in any way whatsoever of the variable quantity and numbers or constant quantities.
Expression,
Numbers,
Variables,
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